1. Introduction

Use of ICT tools in SST

The usage of MacBooks and how it affects SST students in their academic capability. Using the Macbook means the use of ICT tools in order to study more effectively.
Other than that, we know that the use of MacBooks has its pros and cons. We are trying to lower the disadvantages when using it and improve studying in SST, so that students will be able to get better grades.

Is it true that social media, like Facebook which is extremely popular now, can distract you, affect your studies and even ruin your life?
Consider these points:
1) Why is it that some people have Facebook and still get good grades ?
2) Do they have better external learning sources ?
3) What is the difference between Facebookers that get good grades and those who get poor grades and those without Facebook?
4) Is it true that non-Facebook users get better grades?
5) Does social media really ruin your life? Will the addiction ever go away or will it stay there forever?

Research topic: Usage of Macbooks

Chosen area of focus: The advantages and disadvantages of social media and how we can prevent the disadvantages from happening. 

1) Framing our research topic
Our chosen area of research is “The positive and negative effects of social media and how we can prevent the disadvantages from happening.” We have chosen this topic as in SST, we use Macbooks as a learning device to help us in learning for our various subjects. We take learning to a whole new level and this attracts students to study and learn more.
It may seem nice and helpful but there are downsides of this situation too. The downside is that people like us cannot control ourselves from going to social media, such as ‘Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, Instagram etc’. This is the part that is ruining our lives. When we use the social media, we often tell ourselves, ‘Five more minutes.’
In reality terms, we are not helping ourselves but instead, deluding ourselves. By surfing on the Internet for too long, the student’s studies will be affected and furthermore, their minds will be corrupted if the social media page they are going to shows inappropriate information.
Being on the social media can also cause people to be traumatised as the people they meet online can lie about their age and they are dangerous as a result. People can also get scammed and tricked when they are on social media too. The other people may tell them that they have won a prize or something and they are naive and they believe it and do what they are told.
Social media is a dangerous place and students should not get hooked onto it, lest their studies deteriorate. They may get kicked out of the school as a result.

Reasons for the problem
Possible reasons for problems related to social networking are spending too much time in front of the computer on social networking websites and playing games that are on the social networking websites such as Facebook. This is what causes their results to go down the drain.
As of this writing, three published peer-reviewed studies have examined the relationship between Facebook use and grades (Kirschner & Karpinski, 2010; Kolek & Saunders, 2008; Pasek, More, & Hargittai, 2009). Pasek et al. (2009) examined the relationship between Facebook use and academic performance, and found there was no relationship between Facebook use and grades. Kolek and Saunders (2008) found that there were no differences in overall grade point average (GPA) between users and non-users of Face- book. Kirschner and Karpinski (2010), on the other hand, found that Facebook users reported a lower mean GPA than non-users; additionally, Facebook users reported studying fewer hours per week than non-users (Kirschner & Karpinski, 2010).

2) Reasons for choice of topic

a. We have chosen this topic as we want to find out more about how social networking can affect out studies and what and how should we approach the problem to finally put a stop to it. 

b. It fits the project task as the requirements will be fulfilled and we will be able to see all the disadvantages and some of the advantages when going onto social media. There are more disadvantages than advantages so by pointing it out to society, they would weight the consequences before using social media too much. 

c. This will also allow students to wake up from their addiction and focus on their studies. They will be able to see the dire consequences if they use social media too much. 

d. They will also know the limit and how to use social media at the right time and properly. They will learn how to weigh that homework is more important than social media. 

3) Feasibility of the research

a. There is a need for our research, as many people do not know when to stop the moment they start social networking, especially students. Hence, our research can help to let these people know when to stop. 

b. Other than that, they will be able to know that homework is more important than social media and that they should not neglect their studies as it would affect the few years in their schooling life. 

c. They will also be able to focus on their work and not be distracted.

d. It is possible to carry out and complete the project, as there are many students in the school that we can survey on and interview.

e. The proposed course of action is logical and realistic as it can be completed with the help of some students who would be willing to do a survey and with our hard work and group effort.

f. We will be interviewing people in SST (like physically) and we can create an online survey and send it to the whole school so we will be able to get their responses. (from the different levels) Each level has its own different problems so their responses are crucial and very important. 

g. The research provides sufficient opportunity for generation of ideas, as we will constantly have to think of ways to do certain things in the project. As for analysis and evaluation of ideas, we will certainly have many opportunities to analyse information and evaluate ideas on how to go about deciding what to do next.

h. The research requires us to think of many ideas as not all ideas will work for a specific person. We have to think of the different personalities and attitudes of others in order to choose the right method. 

i. We may also discover the reason to their constant addiction, this way, we will be able to solve their problems and allow them to be better students. 

4) Manageability of the research

a. The timeline for the different components are not that clear but we have a vague schedule of it. 

b. Firstly, the survey will be created in the first week and it will be sent out to all SST students via their SST emails. We will wait for about another week to finalise and await for their responses. 

c. Secondly, we will be conducting interviews with the various levels in SST. We will also be observing how they spend their recess and free time. We will then be able to conclude the situation. 

d. We can help solve the situation and give them suggestions on how to stop their addiction and why they should focus on their studies. 

5) Accessibility of the information required

a. Information/knowledge that will be relevant to our research would be the amount of time people usually spend on social networking websites on average each day.

b. The information related to our research would also be how the students spend their free time.

c. We will be obtaining this information from primary and secondary sources, depending on which one gives more reliable and useful information.

d. Some alternatives that we have thought of would be to ask others for information or where can we find the information that we need.

e. We can also research on the Internet about the effects of social media and how the problem might be solved.

f. Some problems we anticipate is that the interviewees may not be keen on disclosing the information to us as they might find it embarrassing and they would not want to be filmed. 

g. The other problem would be that the people would not have time to do the survey due to their busy schedules. Last but not least, the information we gathered may not be all true as some people may resort to denial and lying, thus. the information will not be accurate. 

REFERENCES (Literature Review)
1) Computers in human behavior, journal homepage (Elsevier): www.elsevier.com/locate/comphumbeh, retrieved from: http://blog.reyjunco.com/pdf/JuncoCHBFacebookGrades.pdf 
Description of the article:
The article tells us the advantages and disadvantages of using social media and how students have used social media to help them in their studies. They also showed statistics for those people who used social media daily due to school purposes (like SST) and it turned out that 28% had a high school degree or less, 25% completed some college, 34% were college graduates and 13% had a graduate degree.

It also tells us the ways to see whether our findings are correct, they also provided research questions such as:
Question 1: Is there a relationship among time spent on Facebook, frequency of Facebook activities and grades?

Question 2: Is there a relationship among frequency of checking Facebook, frequency of Facebook activities and grades?

Question 3: Is there a relationship among time spent on Facebook, frequency of Facebook activities and time spent preparing for class?

Question 4: Is there a relationship among frequency of checking Facebook, frequency of Facebook activities and time spent preparing for class?

2) Article title: How liked are you? (Regarding instagram users)
Author: Sumiko Tan
Date of article: 18 August 2013
Retrieved from the Straits Times newspaper, Life section, page 20 under the sub-section of reflect.
Link to the page: http://www.straitstimes.com/premium/lifestyle/story/how-liked-are-you-20130818

Description of the article:
This article mainly targets the social media, Instagram. It depicts a story of the author first setting up an Instagram account and posting her first picture, of her dog. When she got 1 like and 1 follower, she was elated and jumped for joy. Over a period of time, she started following dog lovers who posted pictures of their incredibly cute pets and gained a lot of likes. She felt jealous and strived harder to get more likes. 

This shows the addiction of the lady towards Instagram, now, she constantly posts pictures, trying her best to get as many likes as the others. It is a problem that most people subconsciously get hooked on. 

Author: Karen Lederer
Date of article: 19 January 2012
Abstracted from: Campus Technology magazine 
Link to the page: http://campustechnology.com/articles/2012/01/19/pros-and-cons-of-social-media-in-the-classroom.aspx
Description of the article:
This article talks about the pros and cons of using social media in the classroom, as the title stated.
Apparently there are advantages of using social media, but I would not know since I do not use any!
Social media can also act as an educational tool. (Pros)
Enhancing students engagement- Social media is an effective way to increase student engagement, like shy students who would be able to openly express themselves, just like me when I met my new class.

Improving communication between students and teachers- Due to social media, teachers can answer questions from students even when they are at home or overseas etc, well now I can ask my teacher something in case I forgot to ask about it in school.

Preparing students for future employment - You can find jobs online but if you do not watch your behaviour, that might lower your chances of getting hired, so we have to watch our behaviour whenever we are on the Internet.

Now for the disadvantages
A distraction- People can become addicted to social media, thus instructors should make sure that the right to use social media does not get abused.

Cyber bullying- Social media can used to bully others; i.e. cyber bullying. In college, 22% of students admit that they are being harassed online. 25% of this 22% say that it is via social media = 4.4% of college students are being harassed on social media! That is quite a number and it will may evoke emotional trauma among young users.

Discourages face-to-face communication- Due to social media, students might get used to chatting online instead of chatting with friends physically, this may also harm their friendships with their peers. Other than that, they may have miscommunications and they would not be able to practise for oral anymore.

Multi-media Presentation

The problem our group has chosen is, in School of Science and Technology, as you all know, we use MacBooks to learn. Students often abuse the privilege and instead of doing their work, they go to unauthorised sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

By using this, their grades will deteriorate and drop drastically. They may not even get promoted to the next level. We have already found out the root cause and now, we are trying to investigate how to stop these disadvantages and let students focus more on their studies and thus, get better grades.

Credits in this video:
Producer of the plot: Johanna Lim Ziyun, Project Manager
Editor: Johanna Lim Ziyun, Project Manager
Student who does not bring her homework: Kok Li Ying, Research Specialist
Student who lectures: Johanna Lim Ziyun, Project Manager
Teacher: Ng Wei Jie, Communications Manager
Consultant: Chong Yong Liang, Multi-media Manager

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